Periodontal disease or gum disease is an infection of the tissues and bones that surround youth teeth and hold them in place. Gum disease is typically caused by improper or inconsistent brushing and flossing habits.
When your teeth are not brushed and flossed properly a sticky film of bacteria, known as plaque, is allowed to accumulate on your teeth and harden. When plaque hardens it forms into a substance known as calculus or tartar. Once calculus has formed it can only be professionally removed with ultrasonic tools or specialized dental instruments.
The bacteria that is allowed to accumulate on your teeth will produce toxins that irritate the gums and cause the gum tissue to break down. If the bacteria is allowed to make its way below the gums, it will begin attacking the bone that supports your teeth. Without the support of health bones and gum tissue, you teeth will become infected and eventually fall out. If gum disease is severe, it may require surgery.
Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss.